The history of this foundry is well documented [1,2,3]. The first foundry was commercially more successful, while the second one was using a more advanced technology of galvanic silver deposition, which was first applied in Esslingen by the German chemist Carl Haegele in , the brother-in-law of Alfred Ritter. In the same year the Esslingen factory was dismantled and its equipment was incorporated into the Geislingen foundry. During the next thirty years WMF experienced a period of rapid expansion, which lasted until the beginning of the World War in This WMF branch was mostly importing the base-metal items from Geislingen, performing silver-plating and then selling them in Russia under their own marks, see my recent article in ASCAS Newsletter . This firm like R. Plewkiewicz company would stay under WMF until and would also produce items under its own mark. The export of silver-plated table ware and domestic items continuously grew, which is testified by the publishing of WMF catalogues in three languages. Three consecutive editions of the English WMF catalogue were published in , and in In , the number of employees working only at Geislingen factory reaches and WMF became the largest industry producer in whole Wurtemberg.
hallmarks of sterling spoons
Email Print The marks on the bottom of a piece of silver can be an indication of the age, maker, and origin of the piece. This is a list of American silver marks and solid American silver. Other lists include silver-plated wares and pewter. It will not help you to identify other silver. Four or five small pictorial marks usually indicate England as the country of origin.
Dating Antique Silver Hallmarks Antique Silver Hallmarks and how to indentify where your silver comes from. Antique silver hallmarks have been used to control the quality of goods made of silver since the 14th century and the organisation that regulates the craft, .
Royal Worcester Marks were first placed on pottery and porcelain in but it was before it became common place. Earlier Worcester Marks are rarely seen, and typically the crescent mark dates pieces to the Dr Wall period before But pieces bearing the crescent mark are rare and usually the provence of specialist collectors. In the late s Worcester were among the first to use the Bute shape for teabowls, tea cups and coffee cups.
The presence of the crescent mark dates these items to the Dr Wall period and they are all very similar in shape, size and decoration to those made in the same period by Caughley. See our early worcester for sale section for examples of sparrow beak jugs, Bute cups and Dr Wall period pieces. About Royal Worcester Marks The Royal Worcester standard printed factory mark includes the number 51 in the centre which refers to the year when the Worcester Porcelain Company was founded by Dr.
Early standard marks show the crown slightly above or perched on the circle and from the crown sits down onto the circle. The mark can appear in any colour. In with the restructuring of the Royal Worcester company and the introduction of a new factory mark came the first of the new Worcester date coding sequences. From until the last two numbers of the year would be used.
These could be printed or impressed under the circle but like all impressed marks these could be difficult to see when they fill with glaze. From until the code would either be the printed last two numbers of the year or a capital letter under the circle reprrsenting the date.
Hallmarks of Godly Courtship
Eagle stamp 1 was for Mexico City, stamp 3 was for Taxco, and stamp 16 was registered to Margot.. A firm that almost always stamps an inventory mark is the famous French jeweler Cartier. This kind of flaws are born with the item, which on rare pieces can be acceptable if it does not harm the overall impression of the item. Dating English hallmarks helps to you to put a value on gold, platinum and silver products.
Hallmarks for gold, palladium, platinum and silver from Poland.
HOW TO READ, DECRYPT AND IDENTIFY THE MARKS ON ENGLISH SILVERPLATE AND ELECTROPLATED SILVER THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO TRACE ENGLISH / BRITISH SILVERPLATE No codified rule was followed by the makers in the marking of their electroplated pieces.
A note on dating pieces based on marks: This mis guide provides the following incorrect dates: Also note that big early marks are probably earlier in this range than small ones – see below middle mark – ish to ish late mark – ish to There was certainly some overlap in the use of the early, middle and late marks, meaning that a piece with a middle mark could have been made a little prior to or even after The earliest Roycroft copper mark. You probably won’t find this one in your travels as it only shows up on a couple rare pieces one tray and a couple letter openers.
Could be confused with a fake mark, but it’s real, and dates to approximately before a real die stamp was made. The letter opener bearing this mark is in the Gallery.
Nippon Backstamps and Known Dates of Manufacture
Whether you collect antique Chinese pottery vases, eighteenth century British sterling silver or any type of antique at all, you know the understanding of antique identification marks is invaluable. Thousands of Antique Identification Marks When thinking of all antiques in existence there are tens of thousands, if not more, of different identification marks. For instance one website, Antique-Marks, has more than 10, images of maker’s marks and trademarks found on antique pottery and porcelain.
Every collector, whether a novice or seasoned, needs accurate resources that help to identify and value pieces of interest. The same is true for antique dealers, auctioneers and pickers.
FIRST, please remember that S. Kirk & Son did NOT use date marks on the dating is done by close examination of the type of silver and small changes to the hallmarks. The marks are mostly the same on flatware and hollow ware, with an exception noted below.
Their beginning was as a manufacturer of coin-silver flatware in which Gorham started to gain acclaim, especially in once the flatware was selected by Mary Todd Lincoln for the White House. In , Gorham was a major player in plated silver. In , they had made the switch from coin silver for sterling silver and produced everything from knives, forks and spoons, to other desired pieces such as coffee pots and serving bowls. Again, highly desired by several White House administrations, Mrs.
Dating a piece of Gorham silver is a question of decoding the hallmarks on the back or bottom of each piece. Early Years Hallmarks on the silver pieces were not consistent in the first few years. Sterling tea sets and some other hollowware items manufactured by Gorham, were assigned numbers in a decimal sequence. For example, the earliest tea set design was assigned the number ten, the second tea set was assigned the number twenty, and so on.
From to about , there were variations within those numbers available to customers. A great example of this is known as the Mary Todd Lincoln set, or the 30 design tea set, first made in Variants with the chasing and engraving in the pattern and design would then result in the pieces to be numbered 31, 32, 33, 34, and Later Years When it came to dating the pieces by the year, Gorham embraced the sterling standard in and marks for each year were added. Pieces created between and were marked with capital letters.
THE MARKS & HALLMARKS SECTION
Or you found some nice vintage jewelry at a yard or garage sale or at the thrift shop. Whether you plan to keep the jewelry as a family heirloom or would like to resell it, a knowledge of vintage jewelry marks will help you to identify and date it properly. Marks commonly used in vintage silver jewelry Purity marks for older silver pieces can differ from those commonly seen today. Various gold purity marks commonly found on vintage and antique jewelry A hallmark can also include other marks, such as:
The required use of import marks to be stamped on foreign made silver was instituted in A letter “F” in an oval cartouche was stamped alongside the regular hallmarks, the maker’s mark being that of the British importing firm (sponsor’s mark).
My name is David Whitten. Where was it made? What was the name of the company or factory where it was produced? How old is it? Was it mass-produced by machine methods? What type of glass is it made of? Why is it a certain color? Who was the last person who used it and handled it before it came into your possession? Where was the physical location of the sand supply that eventually was turned into the glass piece that you hold in your hand? Is it American-made, or a piece that was produced outside the United States?
What do the markings mean? Glass-making factories in earlier days were, for the most part, rather unpleasant places…… the general inside environment could be, and often was, brutal. It was extremely hot especially in the warmer months , noisy, and dangerous for a number or reasons.
Swiss Hallmarks Other Case Marks
We have two aims: The association carries out its activity on the internet within this website http: Its objectives are to host articles supplied by members on matters of common interest, to report links to websites related to silver and its hallmarks and to devote some pages to illustrate the most interesting pieces owned by our members Photos and a brief description will be sufficient.
The page will be created by our staff: Our invitation is addressed to all private collectors and keen lovers of antique silver. Professional dealers may join the ASCAS as collectors or for private interest on antique silver, but our website has no link with commercial firms or advertising objectives.
Hallmarks on British & Irish Silver. If you are unable to identify the assay office from one of the town marks below you may have a piece of imported silver. Town marks for imported silver have differed from the normal marks since
These five nations have, historically, provided a wealth of information about a piece through their series of applied punches. London assay office hallmarks on the back of a waiter, or small square salver. Marks indicate it is Britannia gauge silver made by or for Paul de Lamerie taken to or in London and dated it could have been made a year or two earlier than A stamp indicating the purity of the silver is called the assayer’s mark. The mark for silver meeting the sterling standard of purity is the Lion Passant , but there have been other variations over the years, most notably the mark indicating Britannia purity.
The Britannia standard was obligatory in Britain between and to try to help prevent British sterling silver coins from being melted to make silver plate.
Royal Worcester Marks
Buying a piece of antique silver can be quite a daunting exercise, especially if it is an expensive piece. However if the guidelines in this article are followed then the buyer will have a sound base from which to act. Never be frightened to ask the dealer questions, as all reputable dealers are more than willing to help. There are many good books on the market that give details of hallmarks.
For examples of American silver jewelry marks, see the first article in this series, Vintage Jewelry Marks: Help for Dating Your Vintage Jewelry [ ] August 22, at am Reply Vintage Jewelry Hardware: How to Date Your Jewelry based on Construction – My Classic Jewelry Vintage Jewelry Blog.
The mark used was a profile portrait of the reigning monarch’s head. The use of this mark was abolished in Its purpose was to establish when a piece was presented for assay or testing of the silver content. The mark letter changed annually in May, the cycles of date letters were usually in strings of 20 and each cycle was differentiated by a changing of the font, letter case and shield shape.
Originally, makers’ marks were pictograms, but by the beginning of the 17th Century it had become common practice to use the maker’s initials. A letter “F” in an oval cartouche was stamped alongside the regular hallmarks, the maker’s mark being that of the British importing firm sponsor’s mark.